Forklifts are expensive pieces of equipment, and companies or individuals will often rent the equipment instead of buying it. Not all forklifts are made the same and cannot do every job equally. The weight of the materials to be moved and the terrain on which it is to be moved are factors that must be taken into consideration when shopping for a forklift. When choosing the type of forklift to rent, there are several options to keep in mind.
Pneumatic forklifts have air-filled tires, like are found on a car or truck, unlike other forklifts that use solid rubber tires. This is an important difference, as the air filled tires are better able to distribute the load on the forklift and are resistant to cracks and other forms of damage. Pneumatic forklifts are ideal for construction or other projects that require moving materials over uneven ground. These forklifts are usually powered by some kind of combustion engine and will create some exhaust. Pneumatic forklifts should not be used in enclosed areas or around food.
Internal Combustion Forklifts
The internal combustion forklift has an internal combustion engine, just like most cars. These forklifts are designed to carry extremely heavy loads and are most often found in manufacturing and warehouse settings. Because the engine requires a combustible gas, these forklifts do emit exhausts, and like the pneumatic forklifts should not be used in a tightly enclosed area. Because they are designed to bear very heavy loads, the internal combustion forklifts are usually counter balanced, so that weight is added to the rear of the forklift in order to balance heavy weights on the forks.
The forklifts that consumers are most likely to see are electric forklifts. These are light duty machines used primarily in retail environments or around food. These can include a cab, but many of them are designed to be operated by a standing driver and are small enough to fit into the tight spaces of a retail store. Since these forklifts do not use combustible gases, they do not generate exhaust and are an excellent choice over a hand truck in a tightly enclosed area.
When choosing a forklift, buyers need to keep in mind what they plan to use the forklift for. A construction company that tries to use an electric forklift outside will be sorely disappointed in the inefficiency of the machine. On the flip side, a retail store that tries to use a pneumatic forklift indoors may wind up killing their customers with deadly exhaust. Businesses need to find the right forklift for the task they have to complete.
Tim Black runs a warehouse company and occasionally needs Forklift rentals when one of his own forklifts is down for repair.